Politically known as the Republic of Poland, it is situated in Central Europe.With the Baltic Sea bordering it at the northwest, it shares its borders with Germany to the west for 460 kilometers, to the south are the Czech and Slovak Republics stretching for 1310 kilometers, and from Russia, Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine to the east and northeast for roughly 1200 kilometers. Polish language is widely spoken and 95% of the population is Roman Catholic while the remaining is divided between the other 45 religious denominations.
Poland is a member of the European Union. It joined the Schengen Area in 2007. As a result passport checks are abolished on Poland’s borders to Germany, Slovakia, Czech Republic and Lithuania. It practically means that persons admitted to the Schengen Area can travel hassle-free between the countries of the Schengen Area without internal land and sea border controls, from Portugal to Poland and from Greece to Finland.
Thanks to its location, Poland occupies a special place in the European Union. Poland’s border on the river Bug became the EU’s eastern border. In the wider geographical and geopolitical sense Poland occupies a central position. More and more foreign investment from Western Europe is to be shifted to Poland, as well as from the US and Asia. Poland’s geographic location facilitates the logistics activities and forecasts indicate an increase in the number of immigrants to the country.
Why Study in Poland?
A large number of foreign researchers work in Polish institutions of higher education whereas their Polish counterparts lecture abroad. The success of Polish academics today has its roots in the past. The library catalogue of the Cathedral Chapter of Cracow dating back to 1110 shows that, as early as the early twelfth century, Polish intellectuals had access to the European literature of the period - including classics such as Ovid, Terence, Statius and Sallust. Polish scholarship has brought forth many academic achievements and discoveries of global importance.
The Polish system of education trains specialists in many fields. Almost two million people study in Poland – this is almost half of the population of student age (19 to 24). Each year, 400,000 graduates leave 500 institutions of higher education and universities.
Students can choose from a multitude of studies. There are almost 500 universities and higher education institutions in Poland . Studies may be conducted at public universities and state higher vocational schools as well as private or church-owned ones. Studies may be full-time (daytime) and part-time (evenings and extramural). There is a total of almost 120 different fields of study, from Administration to Zootechnics.
System of studies
In accordance with the assumptions of the Bologna Process, a three-level study system has been introduced at Polish universities:
First degree studies – bachelor’s degree or engineering studies, allowing the acquisition of knowledge and skills within the specific scope of education, preparing for work in the given profession and ending with obtaining the bachelor’s or engineer’s degree.
Second degree studies – master’s degree studies, allowing the acquisition of specialist knowledge within the specific scope of education, preparing for creative work in the given profession and ending with the obtaining of the master’s degree or an equivalent title.
Third degree studies – doctoral studies, for candidates with a master’s degree or an equivalent title, allowing the acquisition of advanced knowledge in the specific field or science discipline, preparing for independent research and creative activity and obtaining the doctoral degree.