Natural sciences include disciplines that describe, predict, and understanding natural phenomena. These can be categorised into life sciences including ecology, anatomy, agriculture, or botany; and physical sciences including disciplines belonging to the fields of physics, earth sciences, astronomy, chemistry, and more.
Natural sciences form the basis for applied science subjects, which use the principles and theories developed by natural sciences. More specialised sub-disciplines of natural sciences include earth science, astronomy, behavioural science, anthropology, geology and others.
Mathematics studies quantity, space and spatial relations, change and structure, also forming the basis of a wide range of scientific disciplines. Its main function is to count, calculate and measure, but the diverse applications of math play a main role in statistics, game theory, cryptography, finance, economics, philosophy and many other areas of life.
Graduates of disciplines belonging to natural sciences benefit from extensive scientific knowledge, as well as skills in communication, numeracy and information technology. They will also be able to solve complex problems, while making best use of resources available. Math students make use of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and diverse mathematical concepts.