Medicine and health includes disciplines that focus on the diagnosis, treatment, prevention of illnesses and diseases as well as the care and rehabilitation of human beings and other living organisms.
Medicine and health degrees cover subjects from disciplines such as biomedicine, health management, nursing, nutrition, pharmacy, or veterinary medicine. Many interdisciplinary fields have emerged that are strongly connected to advanced technology, involving expertise in engineering as well as natural sciences. Examples include medical imaging or medical devices.
Basic medical knowledge focuses on knowing the basic human structure, function and health, advancing to more specialised medical branches. In their first years of study, future medical professionals receive training in human anatomy, physiology and biochemistry, in addition to subjects from related areas such as biology, biotechnology, chemistry, neuroscience, and psychology.
Medical school education is followed by a period of supervised practice or internship, and a residency. Further specialisations can be achieved through postgraduate vocational training. A great part of medicine relies on active research, generally conducted by Doctors in Medicine (or M.D.s).
Job titles related to the field of medicine and health include: general practician, surgeon, veterinary doctor, psychiatrist, medical technician, nurse, hospital administrator, dietician, pharmacist, and more.