It is illegal in the UK to offer degrees or related qualifications without paper authorisation.Authorisation may be granted under Royal Charter or by Act of parliament or by a special order of the Department for Education and Skills.In order to award degree,colleges and universities must demon strate a commitment to quality assurance and and show that they have adequate systems for safeguarding academic standards.The Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education publishes a code of practice, information on bench mark standards,
and qualification framework that give details of the quality and standards publicly funded institutions are expected to maintain .This is available on the QAA Website www.qaa.ac.uk .the higher education (HE) sector includes over 90 universities and over 150 colleges and institutions offering studies at undergraduate degree level and above . Several different quality checks are imposed on these institutions
universities and Colleges in the UK are autonomous, self-governing institutions with full legal responsibility for the quality and standards of their programmes and awards. They have theirown quality assurance mechanisms, which include external examiners.
This procedure produce audit report which dealt with each institution's overall systems for assuring and enhancing quality. Institutional Quality Audits were carried out by the QAA (Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education) from 1991 until 2003.Reports are available on the QAA website www.qaa.ac.uk
This measure ran from 1994 until 2001 and focused on the quality of teaching and learning in specific subjects. Full details of the system, including the results, are available through the QAAwebsite www.qaa.ac.uk Subject review assessment used different granding syatems at different time in England,Wales,Scotland and Northern Ireland, so be sure you understand which scale is being used foreach institutions you look at. There are threekinds of system for which you'll see rating scores.